Irish Railway Record Society
JOURNAL 193 IRISH RAILWAY NEWS
FOR RAILWAY REGULATION
4th RAILWAY PACKAGE
Tuesday 25 April 2017, the CRR conducted a presentation to a joint meeting of
the Institution of Railway Signal Engineers (Irish Section) and the Engineers
Ireland Railways Group. It primarily dealt with the implementation of the 4th
Railway Package as enforceable from the European Union.
have been three previous packages, dating from 2001, 2004 and 2007. All of these
packages were designed to open up the rail markets and have standard legislation
for operating across the European Union.
is designed to remove the remaining barriers to the creation of a single
European rail area. These include:
and approvals that work across the Union;
domestic passenger markets;
a skilled rail workforce.
European Railway Agency is now to be named the European Union Agency for
Railways (EUAR). The package will also legally separate the Railway Undertaking
and Infrastructure Management sides of Iarnród Éireann, with the EUAR
providing type approvals and RU safety certificates. The current set up (as
implemented in the 1st Railway Package in March 2013) did separate the IM and RU
sides of Iarnród Éireann, but not into two legally separate companies.
of the main findings prior to the publication of the package was that open
tendering for Public Service Obligation (PSO) services gave rise to savings of
20-30% in Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands. It also showed that the domestic
rail markets (of which PSO accounts for two thirds) remain substantially closed
to competition. This includes Ireland, where there are only two regular service
operators (Iarnród Éireann in the Republic and Translink in Northern Ireland).
Although other organisations have operating certificates, they do not run
scheduled or PSO services. The implementation in full of the 4th Package
would result in open tendering for the majority of rail services that rely on
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